Flash tool

The STM8-Discovery-Boards come with an integrated ST-Link-Interface, but for any other board you need a special flash tools in order to program the CPU.

As far as I know there is no third-party product or software that implements the needed communication protocol. So you can't just use a regular Arduino board as a flash tool as you could for the ATmega. But this is not a problem, as these tools are are easily available and unbeliveably cheap (well under $3 on aliexpress, search for st-link).

There are two main versions of the ST-Link V2 compatible flash tool available: One in a USB-Drive-like metal housing (often pink or blue) and one made by Baite in a green plastic housing. Both work well, but they use a different pinout.

Picture of both flash tools

Both flash tools support the SWIM protocol for STM8 CPUs and the SWD protocol for the STM32 CPUs. The programmer from Baite additionally supports JTAG and is slightly superior to the more common one in the metal housing.

Pinout

Recently, very similar looking versions of the metal housing flash tool, but with different pinouts, have been seen. Make sure to check your specific tool before building cables! More information on the hardware and the pinouts

Pinout of Chinese ST-Link V2-clone made by Baite with green plasic housing (supports SWIM, SWD and JTAG):

            +-----+
    T_JRST  | 1  2| 3V3
    5V      | 3  4| T_JTCK/T_SWCLK
    SWIM      5  6| T_JTMS/T_SWDIO
    GND     | 7  8| T_JTDO
    SWIM RST| 9 10| T_JTDI
            +-----+

Pinout of Chinese ST-Link V2-clone with metal housing (supports SWIM and SWD):

            +-----+
    RST     | 1  2| SWDIO
    GND     | 3  4| GND
    SWIM      5  6| SWCLK
    3V3     | 7  8| 3V3
    5V      | 9 10| 5V
            +-----+

Installation for Linux

Save this as root in in /etc/udev/rules.d/99-stlink.rules:

# ST-Link/V2 programming adapter

# ST-Link V1, if using a STM8S discovery board
# important: It needs a special entry in /etc/modprob/blacklist
ATTR{idVendor}=="0483", ATTR{idProduct}=="3744", MODE="0666", GROUP="plugdev"

# ST-Link/V2, the china adapter with the green plastic housing
ATTR{idVendor}=="0483", ATTR{idProduct}=="3748", MODE="0666", GROUP="plugdev"

Using the STM8S-Discovery board as a flash programmer is a special case and requires some additional blacklisting.

Installation for Windows

Download and install the ST-Link/v2 driver before you plug in the flash tool: STSW-LINK009 driver download (Registration required, but very easy)

I would love to include this driver with the Sduino install package, but I am not sure if this is covered by the ST licence terms for the driver.

Connection to the CPU board

The pinout of the SWIM connector P3 on my STM8S103 breakout board fits the pinout of the flash tool in the metal housing perfectly:

Signal SWIM connector P3 Baite ST-Link Metal ST-Link
3V3 1 2 7
SWIM 2 5 5
GND 3 7 3
NRST 4 9 1

The Discovery boards made by ST all feature a ST-Link interface as well, but only the Discovery STM8S105 supports the SWIM protocol. The Discovery STM32F0308 implements SWD only and is not usable for the STM8.

Pin out CN3 SWD
1 ? detect oder so?
2 JTCK/SWCLK
3 GND
4 JTMS/SWDIO
5 NRST
6 SWO